BIO-01 Conservation Biology

    BIO-101 Zoology

    BIO-102 Basic Laboratory Techniques in Biology

    Introduces basic laboratory techniques that are important to success in any biology or chemistry laboratory research position. Techniques covered include use of balances, chemical calculations, preparation of solutions and buffers, sterile technique, media preparation, liquid handling, basic laboratory safety, handling and preparation of glassware and equipment and record keeping. Theoretical discussions will be backed by intensive practical experience. Required beginning course in the biotechnology emphasis. Minimum grade of C required to continue in the biotechnology program. [ 2 credits ]

    BIO-104 Chesapeake Bay

    Explores the Chesapeake Bay, the largest estuary in the United States, providing a unique habitat for the region's wildlife. The course will examine the physical, geological and chemical factors that affect the rich variety of plants and animals in the bay. Students will study the bay's ecosystem and the external and natural factors that affect the health of the bay. Field work on location is required. Laboratory work is integrated with lectures. First year students only. Fulfills general education requirement in natural sciences. [4 credits]

    BIO-105 Chesapeake Bay

    The Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the United States and provides the habitat for the region's wildlife. This course will examine the physical, geological and chemical factors that affect the rich variety of plants and animals in the bay. We will study the bay's ecosystem and the external and natural factors that affect the health of the bay. Lab integrated with lectures. Fulfills general education requirement in natural sciences (CE/Weekend College only). [ 3 credits ]

    BIO-106 Strategies/Success in Science

    The course focuses on various skills that are necessary for success in the sciences. It includes reading and understanding science textbooks and other printed material, interpreting concept diagrams, analyzing graphs and tables, using quantitative data, thinking sequentially, and summarizing science concepts in writing.

    BIO-107 Human Biology

    Focuses on how the major body systems are organized and function. Examines various major health concerns, such as cardiovascular health, cancer, diabetes and obesity, and explains their relationship with proper body function. Emphasizes how well-informed decisions about lifestyle can keep body systems operating at their best. Laboratory exercises include application of key principles of structure and function for major body systems. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Fulfills general education requirement in natural science. Designed for non-science majors. [3-4 credits] 3 credit version for College of Adult Undergraduate Studies students only.

    BIO-107L Lab: Human Biology

    BIO-108 Honors: Natural History

    Examines the contributions made by natural historians over the past 200 years, including Charles Darwin, Konrad Lorenz and Stephen Jay Gould. Readings and discussions will focus on topics including mechanisms of evolution, the fossil record and animal domestication. Students will consider how natural history has contributed extensively to theories of biological evolution. Prerequisite: Morrissy scholar or permission. [3 credits]

    BIO-110 Exploring Concepts in Biology

    Prepares students for a major in biology who would benefit first from a focus on the integration of chemistry and mathematics into their study of biology prior to attempting BIO-111. Students will develop concepts, design experiments and analyze data to solve problems that are situated in various branches of biology. Lecture and lab are combined in two-hour class meetings. Fulfills general education requirement in natural science. [4 credits]

    BIO-111 Fundamentals of Biology

    Focuses on the structure and function of the fundamental unit of life, the cell. Examines basic biological molecules, membrane structure and function, basic metabolism, photosynthesis, cellular reproduction, evolution, genetics and introductory systematics. In weekly laboratory exercises, students design and conduct experiments to answer scenario-based questions. Includes independent small-group laboratory research project that culminates in a student research symposium. Three hours lecture and four hours laboratory. Designed for students with a strong high school background in biology, chemistry and mathematics. Prerequisite: MSAT greater than department-designated value or BIO-110 with minimum grade of C+, or permission of chair. Fulfills general education requirement in natural sciences. [4 credits]

    BIO-111L Lab: Fundamentals of Biology

    BIO-111W Workshop: Biology I

    BIO-112 General Biology II

    BIO-112L Lab: General Biology II

    BIO-114 Environmental Science for Educators

    Studies the interactions among the physical, chemical, biological, political and social forces which impact the environment. Provides students with scientific principles, concepts and methodologies necessary to comprehend the relationships within the natural world, to identify and analyze environmental problems, to evaluate relative risks associated with these identified problems, and to examine alternative solutions for resolving and/or preventing similar problems facing the global environment. Topics include the major biomes in the world, populations, biodiversity, water, air and land uses and issues, energy resources and waste management. [3 credits] College of Adult Undergraduate Studies students only.

    BIO-115 Environmental Science

    Evaluates the relationships between human populations and the natural environment. Introduces the fundamental science needed to critically analyze claims, arguments and evidence related to environmental concerns. Analyzes environmental problems and issues in terms of the underlying basic physical, chemical, and biological sciences and integrates concepts and information from many fields to support an understanding of the ecology of our planet, how we interact with it, and how our species affects the earth and its life-support systems. Laboratory sessions introduce field techniques for investigating environmental questions. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Fulfills general education requirement in natural science. Designed for non-science majors. [3-4 credits] 3 credit version for College of Adult Undergraduate Studies students only.

    BIO-115L Lab: Environmental Science

    BIO-116 Conservation Biology

    Analyzes the causes and repercussions of the rapid, devastating, and global extinctions of plants and animals, chiefly as a result of human activities. This course examines the range of cultural, biological and environmental factors that contribute to the loss of biodiversity and the new, integrated science of conservation biology that has developed in response to the challenge of saving species and remediating the environment. Classroom discussions will treat the essential concepts and practical knowledge necessary to ensure the perpetuation of our planet's flora and fauna. Fulfills general education requirement in natural science. Designed for non-science majors. [3-4 credits] 3 credit version for College of Adult Undergraduate Studies students only.

    BIO-117 Marine Biology

    Engages students in studies of marine environments and their inhabitants from all marine eco-systems, including aquaria, seashores, open ocean, coastal wetlands, coral reefs and benthos. With each topic, a direct parallel to ecosystem modeling is discussed. Includes small groups that independently design, implement, analyze, and present a semester-long research project in the context of a simulated symposium. Incorporates service-learning projects in which students apply their models in cooperative educational internships, community involvements, and conservation efforts. Integrated three hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Fulfills general education requirement in natural science. Designed for non-science majors. [ 3-4 credits ] 3 credit version for Weekend College students only.

    BIO-119 Animal Evolution and Diversity

    This course provides a survey of vertebrates and invertebrates, and it describes current views on the evolutionary paths hypothesized to have given rise to living and extinct animals. The laboratory will emphasize animal identification from specimens and models, and it will include exercises relating to animal behavior and biochemical methods of taxonomy and systematics. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory. Fulfills General Education requirement in Natural Sciences. 4 credits.

    BIO-119L Lab:Animal Evolution & Divers

    BIO-120 Forensic Science Methods

    Introduces students to the basic principles of forensic science while focusing on the scientific tools used in crime solving. Examines the biology, chemistry and medicine used in modern forensics. Discusses the practical uses and limitations of forensic methods. Includes small student groups that independently design and present a project that culminates in a presentation. [ 1 credit ]

    BIO-126 Biology of Human Nutrition

    Focuses on the biological principles that underlie the rationale for eating correctly, the tools needed to assess the quality of the diet and the knowledge to be a well-informed consumer. Examines nutrition-based health concerns, such as cardiovascular health, cancer, diabetes and obesity. Integrates dietanalysis software and cooking in laboratory exercises. Includes a service learning project in which students apply their nutrition knowledge. Lecture and laboratory are integrated into three two-hour sessions each week. Fulfills general education requirement in natural sciences. Designed for non-science majors. [ 3 credits for Weekend College; must be 4 credits for Women's College ]

    BIO-126L Lab: Bio of Human Nutrition

    BIO-130 Biological Investigations

    Focuses on the content of biology and how it is learned. Develops the National Science Education Standards for Life Science and principles of science pedagogy through a variety of classroom methods. Encourages learning through inquiry and cooperative strategies. Includes an independent research project. Lecture and laboratory are integrated into three two-hour sessions. Fulfills general education requirement in natural science. Prerequisite: Major in liberal studies/elementary education or permission of instructor. [ 3 credits for Weekend College; must be 4 credits for Women's College ]

    BIO-130L Lab: Biological Investigations

    BIO-150 Principles of Evolution

    Describes fundamental concepts of the modern theory of evolution and provides an overview of genetic variation, adaptation, and biodiversity. Mechanisms of evolutionary change by natural selection and other agencies, theories on the origin of life, and the history of life as revealed by the fossil record and other evidence are described. Fulfills general education requirement in natural science. Designed for non-science majors. [ 3 credits ] College of Adult Undergraduate Studies students only.

    BIO-199 DA Natural Science-Biology

    BIO-199L Lab:Ecology, Evolution and Bio Diversity

    BIO-200 Advanced Laboratory Techniques In Biology

    Prepares the student in the most essential biological techniques for a career in the biotechnology industry. Techniques covered will include advanced Polymerase Chain Reaction applications, agarose and acrylamide gel electrophoresis, nucleic acid isolation, DNA cloning and manipulation, Western blotting, advanced microscopy and imaging techniques. Theoretical discussions will be backed by intensive practical experience and field trips. Required course in the biotechnology emphasis. Minimum grade of C required to continue study in this program. Prerequisites: CHM-110, 111, 210, 211; BIO-102, 111 and 309. [ 3 credits ]

    BIO-201 Human Anatomy and Physiology I

    Integrates the study of structure with function of the human body. As a suite of courses, BIO-201 and 202 are intended for students interested in satisfying requirements for pharmacy and various allied health programs. The content and level of delivery of both BIO-201 and 202 are structured so that they are compatible with similar courses offered by cooperating institutions. BIO-201 includes discussion of cellular, tissue, integumentary, skeletal, muscular and neural systems. Includes laboratory study of anatomical models of humans and skeletal components, and dissection of a cat. BIO-202 includes discussion of endocrine, circulatory, immunological, digestive, urinary and reproductive systems. Strongly emphasizes study of physiological functions that includes monitoring of body systems with analog and digital hardware. Each course includes three hours lecture and three hours laboratory. A competency exam covering basic chemistry and biology may be administered at the first class meeting and weighed in the final grade. To begin the course sequence, the student must complete BIO-111 or the equivalent with a minimum grade of C or obtain permission of the instructor. BIO-201 with minimum grade of C is a prerequisite for BIO-202. [ 4 credits each term ]

    BIO-201L Lab: Human Anatomy/Physiol I

    BIO-202 Human Anatomies and Physiology II

    Integrates the study of structure with function of the human body. As a suite of courses, BIO-201 and 202 are intended for students interested in satisfying requirements for pharmacy and various allied health programs. The content and level of delivery of both BIO-201 and 202 are structured so that they are compatible with similar courses offered by cooperating institutions. BIO-201 includes discussion of cellular, tissue, integumentary, skeletal, muscular and neural systems. Includes laboratory study of anatomical models of humans and skeletal components, and dissection of a cat. BIO-202 includes discussion of endocrine, circulatory, immunological, digestive, urinary and reproductive systems. Strongly emphasizes study of physiological functions that includes monitoring of body systems with analog and digital hardware. Each course includes three hours lecture and three hours laboratory. A competency exam covering basic chemistry and biology may be administered at the first class meeting and weighed in the final grade. To begin the course sequence, the student must complete BIO-111 or the equivalent with a minimum grade of C or obtain permission of the instructor. BIO-201 with minimum grade of C is a prerequisite for BIO-202. [ 4 credits each term ]

    BIO-202L Lab: Human Anatomy/Physiol II

    BIO-205 Nutrition

    Focuses on basic scientific and psychosocial principles of nutrition and their application during the human life span in health and disease. Pre-nursing students only. Three hours lecture. Prerequisite: CHM-108. [ 3 credits ]

    BIO-208 Bio-Diversity

    BIO-209 Invertebrate Zoology

    Surveys the major evolutionary trends in structure and function of the invertebrate animal phyla. Analyzes the physiological systems and body plans of different groups of animals in the context of phylogeny, ecology and the physical and chemical environment. Uses living and preserved animals in laboratory sessions to illustrate zoological examples. An independently designed and executed research project with invertebrate animal subjects is completed in the laboratory and culminates in a student research symposium. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Prerequisite: BIO-111 with a minimum grade of C or permission of the instructor. [ 4 credits ]

    BIO-209L Lab: Invertebrate Zoology

    BIO-211L Lab: Vertebrate Anatomy

    BIO-212 Topics in Biology

    BIO-214 Anatomy & Physio II

    BIO-215 Botany

    Considers the diversity of plants and their role in biological systems. Examines the structure and function of plants and analyzes complex processes such as photosynthesis, plant growth and development, flowering and seed production, and plant responses to environmental stimuli. Compares the major taxonomic groups of plants and examines their relevance to human societies. Uses living and preserved material and field experiences in the laboratory sessions to illustrate botanical principles. An independently designed and executed research project is completed in the laboratory and culminates in a student research symposium. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Prerequisite: BIO-111 with a minimum grade of C or permission of the instructor. [ 4 credits ]

    BIO-215L Lab: Botany

    BIO-230 Unity and Diversity of Life

    Focuses on the unity of biological processes common to plants, animals and fungi, such as transport, gas exchange, and reproduction; also focuses on the diversity of organisms in their adaptation to environmental challenges. Unity and diversity are studied in both ecological and evolutionary contexts. An independent small-group research project is completed in the laboratory and culminates in a student research symposium. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Prerequisite: BIO-111 with minimum grade of C or permission of the instructor. [ 4 credits ]

    BIO-230L Lab: Unity and Diversity of Life

    BIO-239 Genetics

    Considers the mechanisms by which biological information is stored, accessed, and passed on from one generation to the next from both Mendelian and molecular genetic perspectives. Introduces basic techniques of molecular biology such as bacterial transformations, gel electrophoresis, DNA sequencing and sequencing analysis. Includes the use of online databases such as Pub Med and sequence analysis tools such as BLAST. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Prerequisites: BIO-111 and CHM-110, each with a minimum grade of C or permission of instructor. [ 4 credits ] Honors section meets concurrently with and considers the same subject matter as BIO-239 (non-Honors). Honors students meet for an extra hour per week to concentrate on the historical and social aspects of genetics. Four hours lecture and three hours laboratory.

    BIO-239L Lab: Genetics

    BIO-253 General Microbiology

    Presents basic concepts of bacteriology, virology, mycology and parasitology with a special focus on bacteria and viruses. The structure, morphology and genetics of microbes will be investigated, as well as their requirements for and patterns of growth. Other topics will include the human microbiota, mechanisms of pathogenicity, basic host defense mechanisms, antimicrobial chemotherapy and the development of microbial drug resistance. Finally, the epidemiology of infectious diseases, along with the characteristics and methods utilized in the control of classic and emerging pathogens will be addressed. In the laboratory, students will learn basic aseptic transfer, staining and culture techniques required for the isolation, identification and enumeration of microbes, and will investigate various factors affecting microbial growth, including antiseptics, disinfectants and antimicrobial drugs. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Pre-nursing students only. Prerequisites: BIO-111, BIO-281, CHM-108. [ 4 credits ]

    BIO-253L Lab: General Microbiology

    BIO-260 Genetics & Genomics for Clinical Practice

    Considers the basics of molecular and Mendelian genetics and how they apply to human medical conditions. Uses specific examples to demonstrate general principles of human diseases and conditions with genetic causes to demonstrate general principles of Mendelian and molecular genetics. Discusses medical applications of emerging genetic tehnologies. Introduces emerging concepts in the genetic and epigenetic causes of human disease. Pre-nursing students only. Prerequisites: BIO-111. [ 3 credits ]

    BIO-273 Introductory Biological Research

    Investigates a topic of current interest in the biological sciences under faculty guidance. Includes a literature search, design and execution of original laboratory research, and data analysis. Culminates in submission of a poster to local and/or regional student research symposia. Designed for first-and second-year students. Permission of instructor required. [ 1-3 credits ]

    BIO-281 Human Anatomy and Physiology For Nurses I

    Examines the basic structure and function of the human body. Major topics in BIO 281 include the chemistry of living organisms, cells and tissues, chemical and electrical signaling, skin and protective barriers, bones and joints, muscles, the nervous and endocrine systems, and special senses. This course provides a solid foundation in normal human anatomy and physiology to help the student integrate knowledge gained in lecture with clinical application in laboratory. Laboratory work includes dissection, microscopy, studying models, and experimental demonstration of concepts covered in lecture. Dissection of non-preserved animal specimens is required. This course is designed primarily for students who intend to major in nursing. Prerequisites: BIO-111. [ 4 credits ]

    BIO-281L Lab: Human Anatomy and Physiology For Nurses I

    BIO-282 Human Anatomy and Physiology for Nurses II

    Examines the basic structure and function of the human body. Major topics covered in BIO 282 include blood, the cardiovascular system, innate and adaptive immunity, the lymphatic system, the respiratory system, the digestive system, metabolism, the urinary system, the reproductive system, basic genetics, and human development. This course provides a solid foundation in normal human anatomy and physiology to help the student integrate knowledge gained in lecture with clinical application in laboratory. Laboratory work includes dissection, microscopy, studying models, and experimental demonstration of concepts covered in lecture. Dissection of non-preserved animal specimens is required. This course is designed primarily for students who intend to major in nursing. Prerequisites: BIO-281. Students must receive a minimum of C in BIO-281 in order to enroll in BIO-282. [ 4 credits ]

    BIO-282L Lab: Human Anatomy and Physiology for Nurses II

    BIO-305L Lab: Instrumental Analysis

    BIO-307 Ecology

    Examines the relationships between living organisms and their environment. Emphasizes the physical and biological factors that influence evolution, the distribution, abundance and diversity of species, the structure of communities and ecosystem function. Applies ecological knowledge to current topics in global issues. Laboratory focuses on field experiences and the practical use of field techniques. An independently designed and executed field project is completed in the laboratory and culminates in a student research symposium. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Prerequisites: BIO-230 Unity and Diversity of Life and CHM-111, each with a minimum grade of C or permission of instructor; completion of mathematics requirement strongly recommended. [ 4 credits ]

    BIO-307L Lab: Ecology

    BIO-308 Honors: Geology and Ecology of the American West

    Focuses on the basic concepts of plate tectonics and applies them to the geological events that shaped the American West. Focuses on the relationships between the plants and animals of the American West and their environment. Develops connections between the geology and ecology of the area. Integrates current ecological problems of the area such as water regulation, mining and logging. Lecture and laboratory are integrated into three two-hour sessions. Prerequisite: Morrissy scholar or permission. Fulfills general education requirement in natural science. Designed for non-science majors. [4 credits]

    BIO-311 Evolution

    Examines the basic processes of organic evolution, including the production of genetic variation, mechanisms and levels of selection, adaptive radiation and speciation. Readings in the course focus on macroevolution and the fossil record and on microevolution and molecular evolution. Films and websites featuring evolutionary themes are examined and critiqued. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Prerequisites: BIO-230 Unity and Diversity of Life and CHM-111, each with a minimum grade of C or permission of instructor. [ 4 credits ]

    BIO-311L Lab: Evolution

    BIO-325 Survey of Biochemistry

    Provides an overview of biochemistry. Includes the study of proteins, enzymes, energy production and basic metabolic pathways. Three hours lecture. Prerequisites: BIO-111, CHM-210 with minimum grades of C or permission of instructor; CHM-211. [ 3 credits ]

    BIO-340 Microbiology

    Examines the world of microorganisms and their occurrence and roles in nature. Focuses on the study of structure, growth, pathogenicity and genetics of microbes as well as their interactions in microbiome and biofilm communities. An independently designed and executed, small-group research project is completed in the laboratory and culminates in a student research symposium. Three hours lecture and four hours laboratory. Prerequisite: BIO-239 and CHM-111, each with a minimum grade of C or permission of the instructor. [ 4 credits ]

    BIO-340L Lab: Microbiology

    BIO-341 Vertebrate Anatomy

    Examines the major evolutionary trends in structure and function of the vertebrates. Analyzes the anatomy of fishes, amphibians, reptiles and mammals in the context of phylogeny, ecology and the physical and chemical environment. Laboratory exercises involve examination of commercially prepared specimens to develop the skills for dissection. Incorporates field trips to sites such as the National Museum of Natural History and American Museum of Natural History. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Prerequisite: BIO-230 Unity and Diversity of Life with a minimum grade of C or permission of the instructor. [ 4 credits ]

    BIO-341L Lab: Vertebrate Anatomy

    BIO-343 Animal Behavior

    Analyzes the behavior of animals from many perspectives, including the role of genetics and the environment, hormonal influences, and the neurobiology of behavior, as well as the evolutionary causes and consequences of behavior. Emphasizes the organizing mechanisms employed by organisms responding to complex environments and the value of behavioral strategies in finding food, avoiding predators, choosing mates, parenting, communicating and forming groups. Uses video and living examples to illustrate techniques in the study of animal behavior. An independently designed and executed research project is completed in the laboratory and culminates in a student research symposium. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Prerequisite: BIO-230 Unity and Diversity of Life or PSY-101, with a minimum grade of C or permission of instructor. [ 4 credits ]

    BIO-343L Lab: Animal Behavior

    BIO-345 Nutrition

    Focuses on the basic biochemical, physiological and psychosocial principles of the science of nutrition, and their applications to the nutritional requirements during the human life span in health as well as disease. Methods used in evaluating and meeting current nutritional norms will be investigated. Students will learn to read and evaluate the current literature, as found in refereed nutritional journals as well from popular electronic sources. Three hours lecture. Prerequisites: BIO-111 and CHM-210 each with a minimum grade of C, or permission of Instructor. [ 3 credits ]

    BIO-365 Aquatic Biology

    An examination of the relationships that exist among the physical, chemical and biological components of freshwater, marine and estuarine systems. Plant, animal and microbial populations are considered. Methods of field study, data analysis and specimen identification are also studied. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory/field study. Prerequisites: BIO 209 with minimum grade of C; CHM 210 with minimum grade of C, or permission of instructor. 4 credits.

    BIO-365L Lab: Aquatic Biology

    BIO-375 Molecular Biology Techniques

    Introduces students to a variety of molecular techniques that are central to modern biological research. Integrates lecture, reading of primary literature and practical laboratory application. Emphasizes the functional basis of each technique and its appropriate application. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Prerequisite: BIO-239 Genetics, with a minimum grade of C, or permission of instructor. [ 4 credits ]

    BIO-375L Lab: Molecular Biotechniques

    BIO-385 Natural History of Vertebrates

    This course describes the anatomy, behavior, ecology and evolution of vertebrates. Topics to be treated include social and reproductive behavior, defensive adaptations, and mechanisms of homing and migration. The conservation biology of each of the vertebrate classes also is discussed. Field trips to museums, zoos and other relevant facilities within the Baltimore/ Washington area are scheduled.

    BIO-403 Immunology

    Covers the basic cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in humoral and cell-mediated immunity. Topics include tissues and cells of the immune response, antigen and antibody structure and function, the major histocompatibility complex, genetics of antibody and T-cell receptor formation, immune effector mechanisms and aberrations of the immune response. Three hours lecture. Prerequisites: BIO-111 and CHM-211, each with a minimum grade of C or permission of the instructor; BIO-239 Genetics and BIO-340 Microbiology strongly recommended. [ 3 credits ]

    BIO-410 Cell and Molecular Biology

    Discusses the structure and function of the eukaryotic cell. Special attention is given to the function of cellular organelles, the structure of the genome, and the production and modification of proteins. In the laboratory, students employ basic molecular techniques to study cellular functions. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Prerequisite: BIO-239 Genetics, with a minimum grade of C or permission of instructor. [ 4 credits ]

    BIO-410L Lab: Cell and Molecular Biology

    BIO-411 Special Topics in Biology

    Explores, in depth, a focused topic in biology based on instructor's expertise. Topic will change from year to year and to reflect trends and developments in biology. Prerequisite: Will be noted for specific course, based on topic. [ 3 credits ]

    BIO-413 Neurobiology

    Focuses on the mechanisms by which neural systems control animal behavior. Integrates neural function with underlying biochemistry, cell biology and organ physiology. The laboratory places strong emphasis on data acquisition from electrophysiological hardware and data analysis from computer software. Includes small group research in which each group independently designs, implements, analyzes and presents a semester-long research project in the context of a simulated symposium. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Prerequisites: PSY-223 or BIO-341 Vertebrate Anatomy, CHM-210 each with a minimum grade of C or permission of instructor. [ 4 credits ]

    BIO-413L Lab: Neurobiology

    BIO-415 Developmental Biology

    Focuses on the comparative mechanisms by which a single cell gives rise to a complex, multicellular organism. Uses the perspective of classical embryology, modern cell biology and molecular genetics. Includes recent advances in developmental biology with emphasis on species comparisons and evolutionary relationships. Includes small student groups that independently design, implement, analyze and present a semester-long research project that culminates in an audiovisual presentation in a simulated symposium-style format. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Prerequisites: BIO-239 Genetics, BIO-341 Vertebrate Anatomy and CHM-210, each with a minimum grade of C or permission of instructor. [ 4 credits ]

    BIO-415L Lab: Developmental Biology

    BIO-421 Environmental Physiology

    A study of animal function in relation to external environmental factors. Major topics include basic physiological principles, physiological responses of organisms to normal environmental change, adaptations to extreme environment, and the basic principles of environmental toxicology. Both vertebrate and invertebrate models are considered.

    BIO-421L Lab: Environmental Physiology

    BIO-425 Biochemistry I

    Focuses on biomolecules, enzyme kinetics, the biochemistry of energy production, and a description of basic metabolic pathways as well as their regulation and integration in functioning organisms. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Prerequisites: BIO-111, CHM-210 each with a minimum grade of C or permission of instructor, and CHM-211. [ 4 credits ]

    BIO-425L Lab: Biochemistry I

    BIO-426 Biochemistry II

    Focuses on biomolecules, enzyme kinetics, the biochemistry of energy production, and a description of basic metabolic pathways as well as their regulation and integration in functioning organisms. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Prerequisite: BIO-425 with minimum grade of C or permission of instructor. [ 4 credits ]

    BIO-426L Lab: Biochemistry II

    BIO-431 Animal Physiology

    Investigates how specific physiological functions and animal behavior have underlying biochemical, cellular and organ system structural designs. Focuses on comparative physiology in the context of how animal systems can be influenced by environmental conditions and how these have been modified through evolution. Includes small group projects in which students independently design, implement, analyze and present semester-long research projects in the form of a simulated symposium. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Prerequisite: BIO-341 Vertebrate Anatomy and CHM-211, each with a minimum grade of C or permission of instructor. [4 credits]

    BIO-431L Lab: Animal Physiology

    BIO-451 Senior Seminar

    Serves as the capstone experience in the major. Focuses on critical synthesis and analysis of biological literature. Includes student-led discussions of research papers on topics of individual student interest. Develops knowledge of a topic, library research skills and interpretation of the original research literature in biology. Culminates in a written review of scientific literature on a topic of individual interest. Prerequisite: senior biology major or permission of instructor. [3 credits]

    BIO-461 Biotechnology Practicum

    Provides opportunities to advance laboratory skills. During the summer semester, students will be placed in a community laboratory setting with the assistance of the program coordinator and will participate in biotechnology related research and/or training. A satisfactory grade and positive evaluation from the research mentor is required for the practicum to be used to fulfill certificate requirements. Prerequisites: biotechnology emphasis student; BIO-102, CHM-102 and at least one 200-level advanced laboratory techniques course. [ 1 to 3 credits ]

    BIO-463 Independent Study

    Focuses on individual study in biology under the direction of a faculty member. Culminates in written paper or conference presentation. Permission of instructor required. [1 to 4 credits]

    BIO-463L Endocrinology Lab

    BIO-473 Biological Research

    Investigates a topic of current interest in the biological sciences under faculty guidance. Includes a literature search and design and execution of original laboratory research project. Culminates in a written paper or scientific poster. Permission of instructor required. Can be taken multiple times. [1 to 4 credits]

    BIO-503 The Wetlands for Educators

    Within an ecosystem context, study wetland functions, hydrology, vegetation, solids, habitat, classification and types found in Maryland along with current management issues. [ 3 credits ]

    BIO-504 The Chesapeake Bay for Educators

    Link personal responsibilities and actions to the history, culture, ecologic functioning, and economics of the nation?s largest Bay. [ 3 credits ]

    BIO-505 Plant Life in the Wetlands for Educators

    Comprehensive exploration of the vegetative world through the lenses of botany and horticulture including taxonomic classification, plant biology, and ID strategies. [ 3 credits ]

    BIO-506 Animals in the Wetlands for Educators

    Master classifications, basic anatomy, and natural history including behavior patterns, ecological roles, and adaptations of major faunal groups found in Maryland. [ 3 credits ]

    BIO-507 Watershed Field Ecology for Educators

    Following the course of the Potomac, hydrology, soils, biota, and physio-chemical relationships of the major geologic provinces will be studied, compared and contrasted. [ 3 credits ]

    BIO-520 Beyond the Headlines: How We Understand the Human Body

    Over the past hundred years, biologists have employed an increasing number of research strategies to understand the functioning of the human body. This course will develop an understanding of approaches to biological research in the context of several health-related issues, will explore why few biological questions produce definitive answers, and will examine some of the ensuing consequences when policy decisions are based on scientific research. The methods of biological research will include epidemiology, biochemistry, molecular biology, nutritional analysis, microbiology, genetics (including the Human Genome Project), animal modeling, and ecological modeling. No prior scientific experience necessary. [ 3 credits ]

    BIO-560 Biology for Teachers Grades K-8

    This course presents an introduction to fundamental concepts and practical applications of biology. Students will learn engaging, inquiry based strategies to explore matter, energy, and organization in living systems; cellular biology; the molecular basis of heredity; and mechanisms for evolution. Mathematical content and skills are integrated throughout. [ 4 credits ]

    BIO-560L Lab: Biology Methods for the Middle School Educator

    Models of teaching and appropriate techniques for instruction of middle school students in cell and molecular biology with emphasis on scientific inquiry. Application of teaching-learning theory to cell and molecular biology in planning, motivation, instruction, questioning, discussion and assessment. Co-requisite: BIO-560

    BIO-561 Biology II for the Middle School Educator: Body Systems and Ecosystems

    An introduction to the study of the relationships that occur within organisms and between organisms and their living and nonliving environments. Biology content includes a study of organismal systems in plants and animals and a study of environmental systems in populations, communities and ecosystems. Lecture and lab. Prerequisite: BIO-560; Co-requisite: BIO-561L. [ 3 credits ]

    BIO-561L Lab: Biology Methods for the Middle School Educator

    Models of teaching and appropriate techniques for instruction of middle school students in organismal and environmental biology with the emphasis on scientific inquiry. Application of teaching-learning theory to organismal and environmental biology in planning, motivation, instruction, questioning, discussion and assessment. Co-requisite: BIO-561

    BIO-562 Science Seminar for the Middle School Educator

    A study of the integration of multiple branches of science in the development of a scientific theory. Science content includes the development of the asteroid-impact theory to explain the extinction of the dinosaurs. Lecture and lab. Prerequisite: BIO-561; Co-requisite: BIO-562L. [ 3 credits ]

    BIO-562L Lab: Integrative Science Methods for the Middle School Educator

    Models of teaching and appropriate techniques for instruction of middle school students in topics that integrate branches of science with emphasis on scientific inquiry. Applocation of teaching-learning theory to integrative science in planning, motivation, instruction, questioning, discussion, and assessment. Corequisite: BIO 562.

    BIO-570 Physiology of Aging I

    Students will explore the nature of changes in human physiology from early adulthood to old age in two courses BIO570 and 571. In Physiology of Aging I, topics to be covered include: 1) perspectives and methodologies in physiological aging research; 2) theories of aging processes; 3) physiological change and pathology in major organ systems with age; and 4) nutrition and pharmacology of aging.

    BIO-571 Physiology of Aging II

    Physiology of Aging II is a continuation of Physiology of Aging I. The course will examine the following topics: 1) neurobiology of aging; 2) aging of hormonal systems; 3) factors affecting health and longevity; and 4) emerging trends in the prevention and treatment of disease in later stages of the life course.