PHL-101 Fundamentals of Logic

    Introduction to the science of correct thinking. Fundamentals of traditional and symbolic logic. Applications of problems to contemporary life. 3 credits.

    PHL-102 Intro to Philosophy II

    PHL-172 Honors: Axial Age Philos

    PHL-201 Introduction to Philosophy

    Studies some of the major issues that have intrigued reflective people from time immemorial: How do we know? What is human nature? Is there life after death? Where did the universe originate? We will evaluate replies suggested from the time of Plato to the 20th century. Fulfills general education requirement for 200-level course. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-202 Six Great Ideas

    PHL-203 Philosophical Paths to Present

    The nature and scope of philosophical thinking as seen through an historical study of the thoughts of great philosophers from ancient to contemporary periods. Fulfills General Education requirement for 200 level course. 3 credits. Not open to students who have had IDS 172 or another 200-level Philosophy course.

    PHL-204 Search for Meaning Life

    PHL-271 Honors: Human Nature and Knowlege

    Examines critically sensitive and rational life, primarily through a comparison of animal behavior and human existence. Investigates the extent and value of various forms of human knowledge. Prerequisites: 200-level philosophy course, Morrissy scholar or permission. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-299 DA Philosophy- Lower Level

    Degree Audit

    PHL-301 Honors: The Mind-Body Problem

    Introduces students to the problematic nature of the statement "our minds control our bodies." Identifies the philosophical and psychological assumptions underlying this statement. Examines the contradictions and unrecognized implications of these assumptions. Explores alternative accounts of what is known, in philosophy and psychology, as mind-body interaction, including accounts that deny the existence of mind, and/or provides alternative models. Prerequisites: IDS-172 or PHL-201 and PSY-101. Fulfills general education requirement in philosophy. [3 credits]

    PHL-302 Philosophy of Human Nature

    Explores the meaning and nature of human existence. Investigates both classic and contemporary answers to the following questions: Is the person a body or a mind? Are we free or determined? What grounds do we have for belief in God? On what principles do we judge things right or wrong? Why should citizens obey the law? What things do we call art? When can I say "I know"? What is the meaning of life? Prerequisite: 200-level philosophy course. Fulfills general education requirement for 300/400-level course. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-305 Philosophy of Religion

    Investigates major thinkers and issues in the history of philosophy of religion, including: the attributes and existence of God, the problem of evil, the nature of miracles, survival after death, and other issues. Prerequisites: 200-level philosophy course. Fulfills general education requirement for 300/400-level course. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-306 The Problem of Evil

    Analyzes the Judeo-Christian tradition's responses to the problem of evil: If God is all good, all knowing and all powerful, then why is there so much evil and suffering in the world? Prerequisite: 200-level philosophy course. Fulfills general education requirement for 300/400-level course. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-310 Logic

    This course will address topics in both informal and formal logic, with an emphasis on formal logic. Topics covered will include argument identification and structure, the translation of English statements into propositional form, the use of truth tables, and natural deduction in propositional logic. Fulfills general education requirement for 300/400-level philosophy. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-311 Disability and Moral Personhood

    Examines philosophical conceptions of moral personhood in a global contect, concentrating on the role that abilities and disabilities play in determining who is considered a qualified, morally autonomous agent. Many lifelong and acquired disabilities are known to interfere with persons' reasoning and communicating abilities. Most ethical theories require that persons be both fully rational and able to communicate in order to garner respect as moral decision makers. Consequently, many persons labelled disabled are denied moral autonomy/the right to self-determination. Globally there is not consensus as to who or what counts as disabled; a cross-cultural perspective is therefore necessary in examining how disability and ability factor in conceptions of moral personhood in ethical theorizing. Prerequisite: 200-level Philosophy course. Fulfills general education requirements in 300/400 level PHL, cross-cultural studies, [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-312 History of Ancient and Medieval Western Philosophy

    Explores the major philosophical thinkers and movements in Western philosophy from the pre-Socratics to the works of Socrates. Plato and Aristotle as well as the major philosophical thinkers and movements in Western pnhilosophy from St. Augustine in the fifth century to responses to Thomas Aquinas in the 14th and 15th centuries. Fulfills general education requirement for 300/500 level course. Prerequisite: 200-level philosophy course. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-313 History of Modern and Contemporary Western Philosophy

    Explores Western philosophic thought from the 17th and 19th centuries through the works of select Continental Retionalists and British Empiricists with a special emphasis on metaphysical and eopistemological views. Considers questions (and answers) that dominate 19th and 20th century Western philosophy. Investigates the origins and themes of American pragmatism, Anglo-American philosophy of language, existential-phenomenology, critical theory and postmodernism. Offers an opportunity to make sense of emerging issues and debates in 21st century philosophy. Fulfills general education requirement for 300/400-level philosophy course. Prerequites: 200-level philosophy course. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-314 Morals and Mortality: Philosophies of Suicide

    Explores the place of suicide in the study of philosophy. Voluntary death poses major challenges to philosophy, both the challenge to make sense of what is quite likely the most perplexing of human possibilities, as well as a stark challenge to the validity of the philosophical enterprise in general. The purpose of this course is to introduce students to a wide variety of perspectives on suicide by exploring both first-person accounts provided by the suicidal, as well as some of the most famous contemporary philosophical discussions of suicide. The class will question both the "what" and the "who" of voluntary death, as well as if the discipline of philosophy has claim to a unique relationship to this phenomenon. We will also explore the "application" of these philosophical insights on suicide by acquainting outselves with the major movements in the contemporary debate in ethics surrounding suicide. Prerequisite: PHL-201. Fulfills general education requirements for 300/400-level course in philosophy and values. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-315 Philosophy of Sexuality

    Employs a philosophical approach in the study of human sexuality. Specific topics include questions related to secual orientation, lus, casual sex, adultery, love, sexual preferences, relationships, and the intersectionality of sexual identity with other identities such as race and gender. As we consider these questions, we will challenge assumptions regarding human sexuality, consider the importance of sexuality to a good life, and discuss the appropriate role of the state in human secual behavior. Prerequisite: PHL-201. Fulfills general education requirement for 300/400-level philosophy course. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-320 Aesthetics

    Explores the philosophy of beauty. What is the nature, function and value of a work of art? What is the relationship between art and reality? What is the relationship between the artist and the audience? Prerequisite: 200-level philosophy course. Fulfills general education requirement for 300/400-level course. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-321 Epistemology: Knowledge & Ignorance

    Analyzes the nature and scope of human knowledge. Focuses on the ways in which knowing, believing and having an opinion differ, and investigates the limitations of reason and the boundaries of human understanding. Prerequisite: 200-level philosophy course. Fulfills general education requirement for 300/400-level course. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-322 Social and Political Philosophy

    Examines the origins and justifications of various social and political systems from ancient through contemporary times. Topics addressed may include: The moral justification of particular forms of government, the definition of community and the relationship of the individual to the community, and the importance of race and gender in society. Prerequisite: 200-level philosophy course. Fulfills general education requirements for 300/400-level course and values. [3 credits]

    PHL-323 Feminist Philosophy

    Investigates the meaning and significance of lived, bodily experience in the formation of human consciousness. Evaluates the history of Western Philosophy from the perspective of those who were once seen as marginal to it, and in doing so elucidates the many debates within Feminist Philosophy about the nature and limits of the philosophical enterprise. Prerequisite: 200-level philosophy course. Fulfills general education requirements for 300/400-level course and gender. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-324 Critical Philosophy of Race

    Examines the concept of race and the phenomenon of racism. Differentiates between individual racism and institutional racism, with a strong focus on the latter. Topics addressed may include: The concept of race as both constructed and real, the politics of racialized identity, epistemologies of ignorance, the persistence of racial inequality, reparations, and the intersection of race with gender, class and sexuality. The corseis heavily interdisciplinary, drawing from history, sociology, gender studies, comparative literature, African-American studies, and Hispanic/Latino studies. Prerequisite: 200-level philosophy course. Fulfills general education requirements for 300/400-level course. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-327 Pholosophy of Mind: Robots, Disabilities and Mental Life

    Examines historical and contemporary conceptions of the mind and mental functions. Investigates the ways in which cognitive disabilities, technological advancements, and recent philosophical research are challenging traditional conceptions of mind and mental functioning. Topics to be addressed include: autism and the problem of other minds; artificial intelligence and the limitations of functionalism; epiphenomenalism and the phenomenal mind; modularity of mind and the limits of evolutionary psychology. By studying what a mind is, who and what kinds of things have minds, how minds work and how minds often fail to work, as well as whehter it is minds that exist or merely mental conent and activity, students develop a deep understanding of the ways science, technology and philosophy are challenging traditional beliefs about human beings. Prerequisites: PHL-172 or PHL-201. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-330 Ethics

    Introduces contemporary moral issues in light of systems suggested by major thinkers such as Aristotle, J. S. Mill and Kant. Includes considerations of topics such as abortion, euthanasia, cloning and capital punishment. Prerequisite: 200-level philosophy course. Fulfills general education requirements for 300/400-level and values. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-331 Ethics-Founding Fathers

    An analysis of the structure and foundations of morality with special emphasis on the ethical thought of the framers of the United States Constitution.

    PHL-334 Business Ethics

    Discusses ethics as a dimension of social responsibility, the role of corporate culture in business, and emerging issues in business ethics, such as the ways in which differences will affect ethical decision making. Prerequisite: 200-level philosophy course. Fulfills general education requirements for 300/400-level course and values. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-335 Professional Ethics

    PHL-336 Environmental Ethics

    Addresses a variety of challenging issues in environmental ethics. Topics considered may include, among others: the status of non-human animals, farming and the environment, global climate change, inter-generational justice, issues of land use, the preservation of forests and wilderness, and the use and development of energy resources. Through an examination of some of these issues, the course also introduces students to a variety of moral theories, from both philosophical and religious perspectives. The social, gender, and environmental justice implications of ecological issues are a major concern of the course. Fulfills general education requirements for 300/400-level PHL and values. Crosslisted with ENV 336. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-337 Cyber Ethics

    PHL-338 Legal Ethics

    Analysis of the structure and foundations of morality with special emphasis on ethical problems related to the legal profession.

    PHL-339 Medical Ethics

    Evaluates the traditional foundations of moral theory in the West, with special emphasis on issues in medical ethics. Prerequisites: 200-level philosophy course. Fulfills general education requirements for 300/400-level course and values. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-375 Hrs: Being and God

    Study of the properties and first principles of being, investigation of the supreme classes of being, and study of the basic notions of causality with special consideration of the ultimate efficient and final cause of reality; critical examination of contemporary evaluations of arguments for God's existence.

    PHL-376 Hrs: Human Flourishing: Ancient Perspectives, Contemporary Interpretation

    Requires students to examine, in a seminar format, the representations of human flourishing presented in Ancient philosophy and literature. Ancient texts, such as Homer;s Odyssey, Plato's dialogues, Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, and Greek tragedies present myriad understandings of the relationship between moral goodness, luck, and human flourishing. These topics will be studied with a focus on primary texts, hand in hand with contemporary philosophical writings on relevant themes. Prerequisite: Morrissy Scholar or permission and 200-level PHL course. Fulfills general education requirement in upper-level philosophy. [3 credits]

    PHL-399 DA Philosophy - Upper Level

    Degree Audit

    PHL-402 Philosophical Figures

    An intensive study of the works of a major philosopher.(May be taken more than once on different philosophers.)

    PHL-404 Top: Non-Western Philos

    A critical and historical examination of a concept, thinker or school of thought in a nonwestern tradition. (May be taken more than once on different topics.)

    PHL-411 Philosophy Senior Thesis

    Student designs a research project culminating in a thesis on a philosophical issue. At the end of the semester, the student will give an oral presentation of her thesis to department faculty and students. Prerequisite: philosophy major with senior status, or philosophy major with junior status and at least seven philosophy courses completed, or permission. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-422 Major Themes in Philosophy

    Provides an in-depth exploration of a major theme, concept, framework, or idea central to the discipline of philosophy. May be taken twice on different themes. Past themes include: Philosophy of Mind & Disability, Virtue Theory & Anti-Theory. Prerequisite: 200-level philosophy course. Fulfills general education requirement for cross-cultural studies ONLY WHEN THEME IS Islamic philosophy. [3 credits]

    PHL-424 Major Figures in Philosophy

    Provides an in-depth exploration of a major figure or group of figures, either historical or contemporary, central to the discipline of philosophy. Past themes include: Islamic Philosophy, Immanuel Kant, Simone de Beauvoir. May be taken twice on different figures. Prerequisite: 200-level philosophy course. [3 credits]

    PHL-427 Study Tour

    A short-term, retreat style learning opportunity that takes place at Kylemore Abbey, the oldest of Irish Benedictine abbeys. Lectures on Ireland's history and geography, its poets and artists, are supplemented by readings in contemporary philosophy and Yoga contemplative practice. Participants will have daily opportunities to gather and reflect on the connections between philosophy, spirituality, and poetry, and are encouraged to bring supplies for expressing their thoughts more creatively (in drawings, paintings, and poetry). Fulfills general education requirement for 300/400-level course. Prerequisite: 200-level philosophy course or permission of instructor. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-451 Philosphy of Art

    PHL-463 Independent Study

    Provides an opportunity for independent work on an approved topic in philosophy. Prerequisite: 200-level philosophy course; one 300-level course; and permission of instructor. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-465 Directed Readings in Philosophy

    Provides an opportunity to explore an area of the student's particular interest under the guidance of a member of the department to permit intensive examination of the area of special interest. Prerequisite: one 200-level philosophy course; one 300-level philosophy course; permission of the instructor. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-471 Honors: Morals and Mortality: Ethics of Exiting

    Considers the structure and foundations of morality with special emphasis on ethical problems related to death and dying. Prerequisite: PHL-201, Morrissy scholar or permission. Fulfills general education requirement in philosophy and values. [3 credits]

    PHL-501 Top:Grt Thinkers/Grt ID

    PHL-507 Critical Thought and Language

    A study of the structure and methods of critical thought (logic) and language (rhetoric) as they apply to academic life, professional life, and ordinary human discourse.

    PHL-511 Topics in Philosophy

    Examines in-depth a significant philosophical topic. This course may be taken more than once as long as the topic is not the same. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-521 Ethical Issues in Leadership

    Analyzes a range of ethical issues and dilemmas inherent to corporations and leadership in relation to both the external environment and the internal processes of the organizations. Learners explore these issues through a series of cases analyses. [3 credits]

    PHL-522 Medical Ethics and Medical Technology

    Surveys the approaches medical ethics uses to respond to the challenges of changing health-care technology and an atmosphere of increased costconsciousness. Discussions center on the interplay between the professional obligation to do good, patients' right to autonomy, and society's interest in a fair distribution of resources. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-524 Critical Theories of Race

    Examines the concept of race and the phenomenon of racism in the United States. Through an in-depth reading of several historical and contemporary works, this seminar addresses issues such as: the concept of race as both constructed and real, the politics of racialized identity, theorizing multiple oppressions, white privilege and epistemologies of ignorance. [3 credits]

    PHL-530 Philosophical Issues in Human Experience

    Engenders habits of critical and systematic thinking. Explores the meaning of human nature through the study of historically influential answers to the question: What are the essential elements, characteristics, abilities, or experiences that make us human? [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-532 Culture and Philosophical Context

    Introduces students to the influential philoso-phical accounts of race, gender, technology, culture and language generated in the 20th and 21st centuries. Emphasizes the ethical implications of the ways meaning, identity, culture and power function in contemporary culture. [3 credits]

    PHL-543 Philosophy and Tragedy

    Develops a sound philosophical understanding of the concept of tragedy and discusses the reality of tragedy in our time. Readings include works by Plato, Aristotle, Euripides, Aeschylus, Sophocles, Shakespeare, Hegel, Hume, Schopenhauer, Brecht, Max Scheler and others. [ 3 credits ]

    PHL-544 Search for the Meaning of Life

    This course investigates the problem central to all philosophers: man's search for the meaning of life, as expressed in the life and thought of selected major philosophers: Seneca, Aristippus, Marcus Aurelius, Epictetus, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, St. Thomas, Tolstoy, Swenson, Kierkegaard, Camus, C.S. Lewis, Marcel, Nietzsche and Frankl. 3 credits.

    PHL-545 The Question of God

    Does God exist? Can God's existence be proved or disproved? This course considers contemporary evaluations of the traditional proofs of God's existence by Aquinas, Anselm and Paley and an evaluation of the philosophical foundations of modern atheism, including selections from Hegel, Marx and Sartre. 3 credits.

    PHL-551 Philosophy of Art

    An investigation on philosophical questions concerning the creative process, the nature and elements of a work of art and the aesthetic response.

    PHL-553 Contemporary Aesthetics

    A study of the interface between society and its arts. Arts examined as significant form of communication in contemporary culture. 3 credits.