Modern Foreign Languages

Overview

Faculty
General Education Language Requirement
Placement Testing
Programs of Study
The French Major
The Spanish Major
The Foreign Language Major
Modern Foreign Language Minor
Spanish Language and Culture
Language Course Descriptions

Faculty

Rachel L. Burk, Ph.D., Chair
Therese Marie Dougherty, SSND, Ph.D.
Theresa Lamy, SSND, Ph.D.
Linda Stilling, SSND, M.A.
Marcela Valencia, Ph.D
Associate Faculty
Joseph Wieczorek, Ph.D.

French

Bienvenue à notre programme de français! Our French program integrates exciting interactive technology, small classes, communication-focused coursework and individualized attention. Our students take French from the classroom into the NDMU community and the larger world via study abroad, service learning, language-exchange partners, internships and a partnership with the Alliance Française of Baltimore.

Courses provide a grounding in the essential structure of language and foster practical communication while incorporating cultural learning. Small classes, close relationships with professors, multi-media technology, and interactions with native speakers encourage General Education students to speak, write, listen and read in French while gaining broad perspectives on the Francophone world. Majors and Minors refine their language skills and at the same time immerse themselves in the literature, history, film, art, and culture of the French-speaking worlds, in Baltimore, the United States, and beyond.

Spanish

¡Bienvenidos al programa de español! Learn to speak the third most popular language in the world through individualized attention, integrated technology, and communication-focused coursework. Our students take Spanish from the classroom into the NDMU community and the larger world via study abroad, service learning, language-exchange partners, the Hispanic Culture Club, and internships. ¡Qué aproveche!

Courses cover essential language structures, practical communication, and cultural learning. Small classes, close relationships with professors, multi-media technology, and interactions with native speakers encourage General Education students to speak, write, listen, and read in Spanish while gaining perspectives on the Hispanic world. Majors and minors in Spanish refine their language skills and at the same time immerse themselves in Hispanic literature, history, film, art, and culture, locally and internationally.

 

General Education Language Requirement


Native Speakers of English

Women’s College students of traditional age—first-year and transfer—may fulfill the general education foreign language requirement in one of three ways:

* AP Exam: Provide evidence of an earned grade of 3 or higher on the Advanced Placement Language or Literature exam

* Language Department Placement Exam: Place into the advanced level (301) on the language department placement exam. (These students may wish to satisfy the general education literature requirement through a literature course in the foreign language.)

* Course work: Complete one course at the intermediate level (103, 233 or 234), preferably building upon foreign language skills acquired at the secondary level.

Students in the Women’s College ages 25 years and older at the time of matriculation, as well as students in the College of Adult Undergraduate Studies, may fulfill the general education language requirement in one of two ways:

* Exam: Provide evidence of completion of one semester of foreign language study through the Advanced Placement Language or Literature exam or the CLEP test (available in French, Spanish and German through the College Board).

* Coursework: Complete one semester at the appropriate level (101,102,103 or higher).
Native speakers of English who are bilingual should consult with the chair of the language department for guidance regarding the language requirement.

Language courses that satisfy the general education language requirement are: 103, 233, 234 or any Latin course above the 102 level.

Non-Native Speakers of English

International students may fulfill the general education foreign language requirement in one of three ways:

* TOEFL Exam: At entrance, provide evidence of a score of 550 or higher on the TOEFL exam, or 213 or higher on the TOEFL: BT Test or 80 or higher on the IBT Test.

* Language department placement exam: At entrance, score on the advanced level on all parts of the language department's English placement test.

* Language department placement exam: Complete LEF-203, LEF-204, LCL-331 or LCL-332, based on the results of the English placement test.


Placement Testing

Placement testing will assure that every student studies at a level consistent with her current abilities. Students at Notre Dame must complete one semester of foreign language at the intermediate level (103) or above. The sequence of foreign language courses offered is as follows:

101-102 Beginning Spanish I and II (do not fulfill the language requirement)
103 Intermediate Spanish I (Courses beginning at this level fulfill language requirement.)
233/ 234  Spanish for Oral/Written Proficiency
301-302 Advanced Conversation and Composition I and II

Placement result

Courses needed to fulfill the language requirement
101 101, 102, 103
Start a new language 101, 102, 103
102 102, 103
103 103
233 233
234 234

Students who have achieved a score of 3 or above on the Advanced Placement Language or Literature Test are considered to have fulfilled the language requirement. No additional courses are required.

Transfer students

Those who have studied a foreign language at the college level satisfy the requirement with one course at the intermediate level. Those students who have college level language credit must make this information known to their advisors! Since course numbering varies, failure to do so may result in taking the same course twice and being denied credit.

Placement Testing for Nursing Majors

Nursing students at Notre Dame must successfully complete LSP 108 as part of the requirement for the Nursing major. Students who do not place directly into this course must complete LSP 105 and/or LSP 106, depending on their individual placement, prior to enrolling in LSP 108:

             LSP 105      Spanish Language and Culture for Professional Settings I

             LSP 106      Spanish Language and Culture for Professional Settings II

             LSP 108      Spanish Language and Culture for Healthcare Professions

NOTE: LSP 108 satisfies the language requirement for Nursing students. It does not satisfy the general education requirement for language for students outside of the Nursing program.

Placement result

Courses needed to fulfill the language requirement for Nursing majors
105 105, 106, 108
106 106, 108
108 108

          

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Programs of Study

Students who wish to major in a modern foreign language may choose one of the following programs of study:
* The French major
* The Spanish major
* The modern foreign language major (a dual language major which combines the study of two modern languages)
Students who wish to minor in a modern foreign language choose one modern language.

To declare a major or a minor in the department, a student must have a minimum grade of C in the course that satisfies the general education language requirement. All courses in the major and the minor must be completed with a grade of C or above. Double major programs may be developed through consultation with academic advisors from each department.

The language department strongly recommends that students who major or minor in foreign language study abroad. All such courses must be pre-approved by the University in advance of the study abroad year or semester.

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The French Major

The French major requires 33 credit hours (11 courses) beginning at the 200-level. Students who place out of LFR-233 and 234 will take 27 credits (nine courses). All majors, including native speakers, must take LFR-301 and LFR-302.

Required Courses for The French Major

Language Skills:
LFR-233 French for Oral Proficiency (3)
LFR-234 French for Written Proficiency (3)
LFR-301 Advanced French Conversation and Composition I (3)
LFR-302 Advanced French Conversation and Composition II (3)

Introduction to the Discipline:
LFN-201 The World of Language (taught in English) (3)
LFR-258* Readings in Francophone Literature (taught in French) (3)
*For native speakers who have successfully completed a literature course in English, LFR-258 should be replaced by one 300-level literature course in French.

Literature:
One 3-credit course at the 300 level (3)

Culture and Civilization:
LFR-358 French Culture and Civilization (3)
LFN-450 Research Seminar (3)

Elective Courses:
One course at the 200- or 300-level (3)
One 400-level course in linguistics, literature or culture in French (3)


The Spanish Major

The Spanish major requires 33 credit hours (11 courses) beginning at the 200-level. Students who place out of LSP-233 and 234 will take 27 credits (nine courses). All majors, including native speakers, must take LSP-301 and LSP-302.

Required Courses for The Spanish Major Credits

Language Skills:
LSP-233 Spanish for Oral Proficiency or LSP-210 Spanish for Health Professions (3)
LSP-234 Spanish for Written Proficiency (3)
LSP-301 Advanced Spanish Conversation and Composition I (3)
LSP-302 Advanced Spanish Conversation and Composition II (3)

Introduction to the Discipline:
LFN-201 The World of Language (taught in English) (3)
LSP-258* Readings in Hispanic Literature (taught in Spanish) (3)
*For native speakers who have successfully completed a literature course in English, LSP-258 should be replaced by one 300-level literature course in Spanish.

Literature:
One 3 credit course at the 300-level (3)

Culture and Civilization:
LSP-358 Spanish Culture & Civilization or LSP-359 Latin American Culture & Civilization (3)
LFN-450 Research Seminar (3)

Elective Courses:
One course at the 200- or 300-level (3)
One 400-level course in linguistics, literature or culture in Spanish (3)

Foreign Language Major

Through language courses at NDMU and schools in the consortium, students study and demonstrate proficiency in two modern languages courses. This major is highly recommended for those who want to become language teachers.

Requirements

  • Forty two (42) CREDIT HOURS (14 courses)
  • GRADE OF C OR ABOVE in all language courses in the major

Checklist

  • LFN 201 World of Language (Introduction to the discipline, taught in English)

First Language

  • 233 Oral Proficiency
  • 234 Written Proficiency
  • 301 Advanced Conversation & Composition I
  • 302 Advanced Conversation & Composition II

Second Language

  • 101 Beginning Language I
  • 102 Beginning Language II
  • 103 Intermediate
  • 233 Oral Proficiency
  • 234 Written Proficiency

Literature

  • 258 Readings in __________ Literature
  • 3__ Literature Course

Other

  • 358 Culture and Civilization
  • 450 Research Seminar

Options for 300 or 400-level courses

** prior departmental approval required**

  • Consortium (Loyola, Hopkins, Goucher, Towson, Morgan)
  • Study Abroad (strongly recommended)
  • Internship or Teaching Apprentice (strongly recommended)
  • Notre Dame Study Tour Abroad

Modern Foreign Language Minor

The minor requires 21 credit hours in the same modern language (seven courses). Students who place into the 300-level must complete a minimum of 18 credits (six courses) in order to minor in the language. They may substitute one 300-level literature, culture or linguistics course for 233/234.

Courses for a Minor in Foreign Language

Required Courses (15 credits)
LFN-201 The World of Language (taught In English) (3)
233 Oral Proficiency (3)
234 Written Proficiency (3)
301, 302 Advanced Conversation and Composition I, II (6)
All minors, including native speakers, must take 301 and 302.

Elective Courses (6 credits) two of the following:
103 Intermediate language (through placement only) (3)
258* Readings in Literature (3)
*For native speakers who have successfully completed a literature course in English, 258 should be replaced by one 300-level literature course in the target language.
358 or 359 Culture and Civilization (3)

International studies majors who minor in language are not required to take a culture course. They may complete the minor with 18 credits (six courses).

Students who place into the 300-level must complete a minimum of 18 credits (six courses) in order to minor in the language. They may substitute one 300-level literature, culture or linguistics course for 233/234.

Spanish Language and Culture Program

The Spanish Language and Culture Program is a unique, one-of-a-kind experience!

What’s unique about this program?

  • It is focused on conversation in Spanish and study of Latino culture.
  • Three sequential courses (LSP 105, 106, 107) can be taken for one credit each for NDMU students. A certificate is offered to persons from the community who are not taking the course for credit.
  • A fourth course, Spanish Language and Culture for Healthcare Professions (LSP 108) is also offered.
  • Classes meet for two hours once a week for ten weeks.
  • It is made up of professionals, people from the community as well as NDMU students.

Why is this program important?

We live in a country and a world where the Spanish speaking population is ever-growing and there is a need for cultural sensitivity and understanding among all people. Employment and volunteer opportunities are broadened through knowledge of Spanish Language and Culture. It is truly a great asset. Diversity can enrich us all!


What can you expect from this course?

You can expect to increase your speaking skills in Spanish and also grow in cultural awareness and sensitivity so as to be able to build bridges between communities.  “The limits of our language are the limits of our world.” – Ludwig Wittgenstein

Who ought to enroll in this course?

  • Students enrolled in LSP 101,102,103 who want to supplement their language courses by increasing conversational skills and cultural knowledge of the Hispanic world.
  • Persons who want to work or volunteer with the Latino community.
  • Those who want to take an active role in becoming a global citizen.

Language Courses

Classical Studies Electives

LCL-303 Women in the Ancient World

LCL-371 Classical Mythology

LCL-372 Classical Archeology

LCL-463 Independent Study

LCL-465 Directed Readings

LCO-378 Honors: From Homer to Star Wars: The Epic Tradition in Western Literature

LLT/LGK/LTK-427 Archeological Study Tours

LLT-480 Aspects of Roman Culture


Etymology

LCL-331 The Making and Meaning of Words

LCL-332 Scientific and Specialized Terminology

LCL-333 MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY

LGK-101, 102 Beginning Greek I, II (Biblical)

LGK-103 Intermediate Greek

LGK-336 Homer

LGK-463 Independent Study

Latin

LLT-101, 102 Beginning Latin I, II

LLT-103 Intermediate Latin

LLT-234 Latin Poetry

LLT-258 Readings in Latin Literature

LLT-308 The Letters of Cicero and Pliny

LLT-336 Vergil

LLT 410 Latin Prose Composition

LLT-463 Independent Study

LLT-465 Directed Readings

English as a Foreign Language

LEF-203 English: Conversation for Non-Native Speakers of English

LEF-204 English: Composition for Non-Native Speakers of English

Modern Foreign Languages

LFN-201 The World of Language

LFN-401 Topics in Modern Foreign Language Study

LFN-450 Research Seminar

French Language Skills Courses

LFR-101, 102 Beginning French I, II

LFR-103 Intermediate French

LFR-233 French for Oral Proficiency

LFR-234 French for Written Proficiency

LFR-301, 302 Advanced French Conversation and Composition I, II

Literature

LFR-258 Readings in Francophone Literature

LFR-310 Masterpieces in French Literature I

LFR-311 Masterpieces in French Literature II

Culture and Civilization

LFR-358 French Culture and Civilization

Special Topics

LFR-401 Topics in French

LFR-463 Independent Study

Italian Language Skills Courses

LIT-101, 102 Beginning Italian I, II

LIT-103 Intermediate Italian

Japanese

JP 101-104

Spanish Language Skills Courses

LSP-101, 102 Beginning Spanish I, II

LSP-103 Intermediate Spanish

LSP-105 Spanish Language and Culture for Professionals I

LSP-106 Spanish Language and Culture for Professionals II

LSP-107 Spanish Language and Culture for Professionals III

LSP-210 Spanish for Health Professions

LSP-233 Spanish for Oral Proficiency

LSP-234 Spanish for Written Proficiency

LSP-301, 302 Advanced Spanish Conversation and Composition I, II

Literature

LSP-258 Readings in Hispanic Literature

LSP-310 Survey of Masterpieces in Latin American Literature I

LSP-311 Survey of Masterpieces in Latin American Literature II

LSP-322 Survey of Masterpieces in Peninsular Literature

Culture and Civilization

LSP-358 Spanish Culture and Civilization

LSP-359 Latin American Culture and Civilization

Special Topics

LSP-401 Topics in Spanish

LSP-463 Independent Study

Short-Term Academic Experiences Abroad

(Offered On A Rotating Basis)

LFR-427 Short-Term Academic Experience in a French-Speaking Country

LGK-427 Archeology of Greece

LLT-427 Archeology of Italy

LSP-427 Short-Term Academic Experience in a Spanish-Speaking Country

LTK-427 Archeology of Turkey

Thought and Culture Courses

The following Thought and Culture courses are offered on a rotating basis in the College of Adult Undergraduate Studies.

LGK-358 Ancient Greek Thought and Culture

LIT-358 Italian Thought and Culture

LLT-358 Roman Thought and Culture

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Courses

LAF-358 African Thought & Culture

This course presents an overview of contemporary African culture, designed to help students understand today's Africa, by exploring distinctive patterns of traditional African culture as well as Africa's historical development. The course will trace the influence of colonial powers, of other African countries, and the West.

LAT-358 Latin Amer Thought & Culture

Through readings in history, politics and literature and a look at art, this course traces Latin American thought and culture from pre-Columbian times to the present. Special emphasis will be given to the contemporary scene and its reflection in the literature of "magical realism." Fulfills General Education requirement in Cross-cultural Studies. 3 credits.

LAU-358 Australian Thought/Cult

LBN-358 Belgian Thought/Culture

LCA-358 Central Amer Thought & Culture

LCH-101 Beginning Chinese

LCH-102 Beginning Chinese II

LCH-103 Intermediate Chinese

LCH-104 Interm Chinese II

LCH-199 Selected Readings in Modern Chinese

LCH-203 Chinese Comp & Conversation I

LCH-204 Chinese Comp and Conv II

LCH-301 Advanced Chinese

LCH-401 Chinese Topics Course

LCL-303 Women in the Ancient World

Studies the contributions of women to the making of the ancient world through examination of their lives and writings. Emphasizes outstanding individuals, for example, Hatshepsut of Egypt; Sappho of Lesbos; Aspasia in Athens; Cornelia, Hortensia and Fulvia in Rome. Fulfills the general education requirement in gender studies. [3 credits]

LCL-305 Women/Literature of Ancient Near East

LCL-331 The Making and Meaning of Words

Studies Greek and Latin word elements as an aid to better understanding and use of English. Recommended for all students. Fulfills the general education language requirement for nonnative speakers of English. [3 credits]

LCL-333 Medical Terminology

Instructs the dstudent on the identification of the four common word elements (prefix, suffix, root word and combining vowel), in a medical word in order to understand the medical term as a whole entity. This course will facilitate the understanding of the Latin and Greek language basis of medical terminology. [ 3 credits ]

LCL-334 Roman Drama in Translat

LCL-358 Thought/Culture Greece

LCL-371 Classical Mythology

Explores the major myths and legends in Greek thought, their origins, transmission in literature and their influence on later literature, art and music. Fulfills the general education literature requirement. May be used as a required course in an English major or minor. [3 credits]

LCL-372 Classical Archeology

Studies the archeological remains of the civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome. [3 credits]

LCL-378 Epic Tradition West Lit

LCL-393 Study Tour of Greece

LCL-427 Study Tour

LCL-441 Classical Myth/Influence

LCL-463 Independent Study

Allows the student to undertake an individual program of study in language, literature or civilization under the guidance of a member of the department. [3 credits]

LCL-465 Directed Readings

Allows the student intensive examination of an area of special interest under the guidance of a member of the department. [3 credits]

LCO-378 Honors: From Homer to Star Wars: The Epic Tradition in Western Literature

Traces the evolution of the epic as a literary genre transcending national and cultural boundaries. Epics from Homer and Virgil through the romance epics will be analyzed, culminating in a study of epic characteristics in Star Wars. Prerequisite: Morrissy scholar or permission. Fulfills general education requirement for english literature. [3 credits]

LEF-203 English: Conversation for Non-Native Speakers of English

Refines listening and speaking skills while expanding knowledge of U.S. cultural values and their historical basis. Provides intensive listening practice through use of the language learning center, feature films, guest speakers and field trips. Expands vocabulary and use of idiomatic language. Improves accuracy through a focus on American English syntax and word choice, and increases oral fluency through providing numerous opportunities for discussion of current issues in U.S. culture. Laboratory required. Fulfills language requirement for non-native speakers of English. Prerequisite: Placement test. [3 credits]

LEF-204 English: Composition for Non-Native Speakers of English

Develops and refines writing skills in English in order to meet the demands of college coursework. Provides extensive practice in writing with an emphasis on the writing process, organization, syntax of American English and appropriate word choice. Prepares non-native speakers of English for ENG-101 College Writing at Notre Dame or the equivalent first-year college English composition course. Prerequisite: Placement test. [3 credits]

LEF-205 English: Composition for Non-Native Speakers of English 2

Further develops and refines writing skills in English in order to meet the demands of college coursework. Continues to build on writing skills from LEF-204, with an emphasis on the writing process, organization, syntax of American English and appropriate word choice. Prepares non-native speakers of English for native speakers of English for ENG-101, College Writing at Notre Dame or the equivalent first-year college English composition course. Prerequisite: LEF-204. [ 3 credits ]

LFN-101 Elem Mod Standards Arabic

LFN-102 Elem Mod Standards of Arabic

LFN-115 Beginning Arabic

LFN-116 Begining Arabic II

LFN-117 Intermediate Arabic

LFN-118 Intermediate Arabic II

LFN-196 Beginning Persian

LFN-199 DA Interm Foreign Language

LFN-201 The World of Language

Overviews the history, foundations and linguistic methods, as well as the social and cultural aspects of the discipline. Makes explicit the links among language, communication and culture. Helps students to see language in its larger context and introduces them to the principles of linguistic and cross-cultural analysis. Explores current issues in the field: first and second language acquisition, language development and change, bilingualism, literacy, language and the mind, and language use in society. Taught in English. Required for minors and majors of all languages. Open to non-majors. Fulfills general education requirement in cross-cultural studies. Prerequisite: one foreign language course at the 103 level or equivalent. [3 credits]

LFN-299 Intermediate Persian II

LFN-301 Advanced Arabic I

LFN-302 Advanced Arabic II

LFN-399 Da Interm Foreign Language

LFN-450 Research Seminar

Under the supervision of the appropriate language instructor, each student prepares a written paper and oral presentation on a topic of particular interest designed to demonstrate linguistic, cultural and cross-cultural learning within a global context at home and abroad. The oral presentation would be done at a department function/event, an upper-level language class or other appropriate venue. Required of all majors in the department, this team-taught seminar is also open to minors and native speakers. Serves as the capstone course for the classical studies and modern language majors. [3 credits]

LFN-496 Teaching Apprentice

LFR-101 Beginning French I

Develops the ability to understand, speak, read and write in French. Enhances awareness and understanding of the French-speaking world through presentation of authentic material. LFR-101 is for students with no prior experience in French. Laboratory required. LFR-101 offered every spring semester. [3 credits]

LFR-102 Beginning French II

Develops the ability to understand, speak, read and write in French. Enhances awareness and understanding of the French-speaking world through presentation of authentic material. LFR-101 is for students with no prior experience in French. Laboratory required. (LFR-102 offered every fall semester.) [ 3 credits ]

LFR-103 Intermediate French

Develops the four language skills through a review of grammar and readings based on cultural material. Laboratory required. Fulfills the general education language requirement. Prerequisite: LFR-102 or placement. Offered every spring. [3 credits]

LFR-104 Intermediate French II

LFR-199 DA Foreign Language-French

Degree Audit

LFR-203 Intermed French Conv & Comp I

Oral and written practice based on cultural themes of the francophone world and a review of grammar. An increased emphasis on vocabulary expansion and the production of correct grammatical forms in both speech and writing. The use of multimedia materials and interactions with native speakers provide authentic opportunities for meaningful communication and exposure to the diversity of the francophone world. Independent lab work required. Satisfies language requirement. Prerequisite: LFR 103 or placement test. 3 credits.

LFR-204 Intermed French Conv & Comp II

Oral and written practice based on cultural themes of the francophone world and a review of grammar. An increased emphasis on vocabulary expansion and the production of correct grammatical forms in both speech and writing. The use of multimedia materials and interactions with native speakers provide authentic opportunities for meaningful communication and exposure to the diversity of the francophone world. Independent lab work required. Satisfies language requirement. Prerequisite: LFR 203 or placement. 3 credits.

LFR-215 From Hero to Anti-Hero

LFR-233 French for Oral Proficiency

Offers intensive oral-aural practice, with emphasis on the language used in daily life. Serves those who wish to perfect pronunciation and increase fluency in French through extensive use of multimedia materials. Independent lab work required. Fulfills the general education language requirement. Prerequisite: LFR-103 or placement. [3 credits]

LFR-234 French for Written Proficiency

Helps students learn to express themselves more proficiently in written French. Weekly writing assignments strengthen grammar and spelling skills, build vocabulary and add to the student's understanding of French syntax and sentence structure. Class discussion and group work, all of which take place in French, help improve student's speaking ability. Fulfills the general education language requirement. Prerequisite: LFR-103 or placement. [3 credits]

LFR-258 Readings in Francophone Literature

Introduces students to literary analysis by the reading of selected short works by contemporary Francophone authors. Discussion of geographical, historical and bio-bibliographical information and close analysis and interpretation of the short stories lead to a deeper appreciation of their literary and cultural context. Fulfills the general education literature and cross-cultural studies requirements. Prerequisite: LFR-233/234 or permission of the instructor. [3 credits]

LFR-301 Advanced French Conversation and Composition I

Gives special attention to the idiomatic use of language and to the finer points of French grammar. Based on writings and media sources dealing with present day events and cultural issues. Analysis of structure and style. Fulfills the general education language requirement. Prerequisite: LFR-233/234 or equivalent. Required of all majors and minors. [3 credits]

LFR-302 Advanced French Composition and Conversation II

Gives special attention to the idiomatic use of language and to the finer points of French grammar. Based on writings and media sources dealing with present day events and cultural issues. Analysis of structure and style. Fulfills the general education language requirement. Prerequisite: LFR-233/234 or equivalent. Required of all majors and minors. [3 credits]

LFR-304 Culture & Civilization III

LFR-305 French for Business

Introduction to French business and terminology to expose students to the fundamentals of the business world in France. Variety of linguistic and cultural exercises adaptable to many different commercial situations. Prerequisite: LFR 204 or permission of instructor. 3 credits.

LFR-310 Masterpieces in French Literature I

Introduces students to French literature and thought in their historical and social dimensions through a close study of selected masterpieces from the Middle Ages to the 17th century. Special emphasis on the aesthetic and intellectual currents that have shaped French literature. Prerequisite: LFR-258. Fulfills the general education literature requirement. [3 credits]

LFR-311 Masterpieces in French Literature II

Introduces students to French literature and thought in their historical and social dimensions through a close study of selected masterpieces from the 18th century to the present. Special emphasis on the aesthetic and intellectual currents that have shaped French literature. Prerequisite: LFR-258 or permission. Fulfills the general education literature requirement. [3 credits]

LFR-313 French Comedy

LFR-314 French Tragedy

LFR-315 French Novel

LFR-358 French Civilization and Culture

Provides an overview of contemporary French culture. Includes a look at the forces of history and the men and women who have shaped the French culture, and a consideration of the challenges France faces as it looks toward its future. Prerequisite: LFR-233/LFR-234 or native speaker. [3 credits]

LFR-427 Short Term Academic Experience in a French-Speaking Country

Visits cities and sites of historical and cultural importance in one French-speaking country. Prior to the tour, students will attend preparatory lectures and complete preliminary readings. Research related to the tour usually will be completed within a month after return. Fulfills the culture and civilization requirement for the French major and minor. [3 credits]

LFR-458 Capstone Experience in French

Provides a culminating activity based on the particular interests of the student and is individually designed to demonstrate linguistic, cultural and cross-cultural learning within a global context at home and abroad. A research paper and formal oral presentation are required. Open to majors, minors and native speakers. Prerequisite: LFR-358. Fulfills the general education cross-cultural studies requirement. [ 3 credits ] Students may choose from the following: 149 LFR-463 Independent Study 149 Independent project under the direction of a faculty member 149 Research project based on study abroad experience 149 Service-learning project with research component 149 IDS-461 Professional Internship with research component 149 IDS-496 Teaching Apprentice (at College of Notre Dame or abroad)

LFR-463 Independent Study

Allows the student to undertake an individual program of study in language, linguistics, literature or civilization under the guidance of a member of the department. [3 credits]

LGK-101 Beginning Greek I (Biblical)

Studies the fundamentals of Greek vocabulary, forms and syntax through reading of passages from the New Testament. Self-study and individualized instruction will be combined with class meeting times. LGK-101 is for students with no prior experience in Greek. [3 credits]

LGK-102 Beginning Greek II (Biblical)

Studies the fundamentals of Greek vocabulary, forms and syntax through reading of passages from the New Testament. Self-study and individualized instruction will be combined with class meeting times. [3 credits]

LGK-103 Intermediate Greek

Studies passages from the New Testament in the original Greek, accompanied by grammar review. Fulfills the general education language requirement. Prerequisite: LGK-102 or equivalent. [3 credits]

LGK-203 Intermediate Greek II

Students are introduced to the writings of major Greek authors as they learn more sophisticated constructions in the language. This course prepares students to move into concentrated reading of Greek literature.

LGK-258 Readings in Greek Literature

Offers readings of selections from a variety of Greek authors and genres, accompanied by analysis and critical study of the works read. Prerequisite: LGK-103. Fulfills the general education literature requirement. [ 3 credits ]

LGK-336 Homer

Focuses on reading selections from the Iliad and Odyssey in Greek, accompanied by research in related Homeric scholarship. Permission required. [3 credits]

LGK-427 Archeological Tour of Greece

Visits the major archeological sites of Greece. During the tour, students will have on-site lectures on the history, art and archeology of the places visited and guided tours of museums. Prior to the tour, students will attend preparatory lectures and complete preliminary readings. Research related to the tour usually will be completed within a month after return. [3 credits]

LGK-463 Independent Study

Provides opportunities for students to create individualized programs of study in areas of interest related to Greek language or literature under the guidance of a member of the department. [3 credits]

LGK-465 Directed Readings

Allows the student independent reading of selected passages in Greek under the guidance of a member of the department. [ 3 credits ]

LGR-101 Introduction to German

LGR-102 German II

LGR-103 Intermediate German I

LGR-104 Intermediate German II

LGR-200 Living Language

LGR-201 German Comp & Conversation

LGR-204 German/Oral Proficiency

LGR-258 German Literature

LGR-301 Advanced German Composition

LGR-302 #NAME?

LGR-340 German Film

LGR-342 Vienna:Imperial Splend&De

LGR-358 German Thought & Culture

Surveys the cultural history of Germany through an examination of its political history, literature, art and music. Fulfills the general education crosscultural studies requirement. [ 3 credits ]

LGR-399 Coop Course

LGR-426 Study Tour: Germany

LGR-427 Short Term Academic Experience in Germany

Visits cities and sites of historical and cultural importance in one German-speaking country. Prior to the tour, students will attend preparatory lectures and complete preliminary readings. Research related to the tour usually will be completed within a month after return. Fulfills the general education requirement in cross-cultural studies. [ 3 credits ]

LHE-101 First Year Hebrew

LHE-102 Beginning Hebrew I

LHE-103 Intermediate Hebrew

LIR-427 Ireland: Cultural Tradit

LIT-101 Beginning Italian I

Develops the ability to understand, speak, read and write in Italian. Enhances awareness and understanding of the Italian-speaking world through presentation of authentic material. LIT-101 is for students with no prior experience in Italian. Laboratory required. [3 credits]

LIT-102 Beginning Italian II

Develops the ability to understand, speak, read and write in Italian. Enhances awareness and understanding of the Italian-speaking world through presentation of authentic material. LIT-101 is for students with no prior experience in Italian. Laboratory required. [3 credits]

LIT-103 Intermediate Italian

Develops the four language skills through a review of grammar and readings based on cultural material. Laboratory required. Fulfills the general education language requirement. Prerequisite: LIT-102 or placement. [3 credits]

LIT-104 Intermediate Italian II

LIT-202 Living Language

LIT-203 Intermed Italian Conv & Comp I

Review of grammar, guided compositions to complement grammar review, prepared oral topics, spontaneous discussions, laboratory required. Fulfills language requirement. Prerequisite: LIT 103. 3 credits.

LIT-204 Interm Italian Conv & Comp II

Review of grammar, guided compositions to complement grammar review, prepared oral topics, spontaneous discussions, laboratory required. Fulfills language requirement. Prerequisite: LIT 204. 3 credits.

LIT-427 Study Tour

LIT-463 Independent Study: Ital

LJA-101 Beginning Japanese I

Beginning and intermediate levels are offered at Loyola College. Two courses in Japanese language may be counted toward the Notre Dame-Loyola interdisciplinary minor in Asian studies. [ 3 credits ]

LJA-102 Beginning Japanese II

Beginning and intermediate levels are offered at Loyola College. Two courses in Japanese language may be counted toward the Notre Dame-Loyola interdisciplinary minor in Asian studies. [ 3 credits ]

LJA-103 Intermediate Japanese

Beginning and intermediate levels are offered at Loyola College. Two courses in Japanese language may be counted toward the Notre Dame-Loyola interdisciplinary minor in Asian studies. [ 3 credits ]

LJA-104 Abroad: Peace, Conflict

Beginning and intermediate levels are offered at Loyola College. Two courses in Japanese language may be counted toward the Notre Dame-Loyola interdisciplinary minor in Asian studies. [ 3 credits ]

LJA-105 Abroad: Japan Buddhism

LJA-301 Japanese Composition and Conversation

LJA-302 Advanced Japanese Composition and Conversation

LJA-411 Topics in Japanese

LJE-358 Jewish Thought/Culture

LKO-101 Elements of Korean

LKO-102 Elements of Korean

LKO-103 Interm Korean Reading & Wrtg

LKO-104 Intermediate Korean II

LLT-101 Beginning Latin I

Studies the fundamentals of Latin vocabulary, forms and syntax through extensive reading of Latin. Laboratory required. LLT-101 is for students with no prior experience in Latin. 3 credits]

LLT-102 Beginning Latin II

Studies the fundamentals of Latin vocabulary, forms and syntax through extensive reading of Latin. Laboratory required. [3 credits]

LLT-103 Intermediate Latin

Helps the student to develop reading and writing skills in Latin by reviewing basic forms, vocabulary and syntax. Special emphasis will be placed on the uses of the subjunctive. Students will read connected passages in Latin, both prose and poetry. Laboratory required. Fulfills the general education language requirement. Prerequisite: LLT-102 or two years of high school Latin. [3 credits]

LLT-203 Intermediate Latin II

Students are introduced to the writings of major Roman authors as they learn more sophisticated constructions in the language. This course prepares students to move into concentrated reading of Roman literature.

LLT-234 Latin Poetry

Offers reading of selections from major Latin poets including Horace, Catullus, Ovid, Martial and others. Includes a thorough review of grammar, exercises in translation and discussion of the poems as literature. Fulfills the general education literature requirement. Prerequisite: LLT-103 or placement test. [3 credits]

LLT-258 Readings in Latin Literature

Offers readings of a wide range of Latin authors with literary analysis and study of critical works by classical scholars. Fulfills the general education literature requirement. Prerequisite: LLT-103 or placement test. [3 credits]

LLT-334 Roman Drama

Offers reading in Latin of selections from the comedies of Plautus and Terence and the tragedies of Seneca. Several of the plays will be read in their entirety in English translation. Examines the evolution of Roman theatre and its influence. Permission required. Fulfills the general education literature requirement. [ 3 credits ]

LLT-335 Roman Historians

LLT-336 Vergil

Provides opportunities to read the entire Eclogues, Georgics and Aeneid in English and selected passages from each in Latin. The reading will be accompanied by some grammar review to strengthen translation skills. Fulfills the general education literature requirement. Permission required. [3 credits]

LLT-358 Roman Thought and Culture

Introduces students to the language and literature, the art and architecture, the philosophical and religious beliefs of the ancient Romans, as well as their contributions in city planning, law and engineering, and their social structures. Fulfills the general education cross-cultural studies requirement. [3 credits]

LLT-408 Early Christian Writers

This course will introduce students to Christian literature of the early medieval period. Biblical texts, selections from the Fathers of the Church, hagiographical writings and poetry will be read in Latin.

LLT-463 Independent Study

Allows the student to undertake an individual program of study in Latin language or literature under the guidance of a member of the department. [3 credits]

LLT-465 Directed Readings

Allows the student opportunities for independent reading of selected passages in Latin under the guidance of a member of the department. Prerequisite: LLT-103. [3 credits]

LLT-490 Poetry of Augustan Age

LLT-496 Teaching Apprecticeship

LRU-101 Elements of Russian I

LRU-102 Elements of Russian II

LRU-103 Intermediate Russian I

LSP-100 Spanish in Mexico Courses

LSP-101 Beginning Spanish I

Develops the ability to understand, speak, read and write in Spanish. Enhances awareness and understanding of the Spanish-speaking world through presentation of authentic material. LSP-101 is for students with no prior experience in Spanish. Laboratory required. [3 credits]

LSP-102 Beginning Spanish II

Develops the ability to understand, speak, read and write in Spanish. Enhances awareness and understanding of the Spanish-speaking world through presentation of authentic material. Laboratory required. [3 credits]

LSP-103 Intermediate Spanish

Develops the four language skills through a review of grammar and readings based on cultural material. Laboratory required. Fulfills the general education language requirement. Prerequisite: LSP-102 or placement. [3 credits]

LSP-104 Intermediate Spanish II

LSP-105 Spanish Language and Culture for Professionals

Designed for professionals or volunteers who interact with Hispanic communities in schools, hospitals, churches, community-based organizations, nonprofits, legal arenas or other settings. The course has both a language and a cultural component. The language component enables one to learn basic conversational skills and elemental phrases to better communicate with Spanish-speaking persons. Good pronunciation, listening and speaking skills are emphasized, as is grammar, in order to increase conversational skills. The cultural component focuses on the customs, spirituality, communication styles and traditions of Hispanics. This course is an elective and does not fulfill the general education language requirement. [1 credit]

LSP-106 Spanish Language and Culture: Part 2

This follow-up course to Spanish Language and Culture (Part 1) continues to emphasize good pronunciation and speaking skills. It provides a greater emphasis on grammar, especially the past tense, in order to increase conversational skills. There will be a continued cultural component to deepen understanding of the Latino community and culture. There will be a one-time volunteer cultural experience in the Latino community. Prerequisite: LSP-105. [ 3 credits ]

LSP-107 Spanish Language and Culture III

Spanish Language and Culture for Professional Settings (Part 3) is a follow-up course to Parts 1 and 2. In this course, the emphasis is heavily on listening and speaking skills. It stresses using the language in practical, conversational situations, drawing on the needs and experiences of the participants. There is a continued use of grammar, especially the use of the subjunctive, in order to increase conversational skills. There will be a continued cultural component that is woven into every class. In addition, there will be a one-time volunteer cultural experience in the Latino community. [3 credits]

LSP-108 Spanish Language and Culture for Professionals: Medical/Healthcare

This is a follow-up course to LSP-105 and LSP-106. In this course the emphasis is heavily on listening and speaking skills. It stresses using the language in practical, conversational situations in a health care setting, as well as drawing on the needs and experiences of the participants. There is a continued review of grammar so the students will learn how to properly express emotions and recommendations in Spanish. Continued cultural and terminological component will be woven into every class. Prerequisite: LSP 106, the equivalent or placement exam. [ 1 credit ]

LSP-110 Spanish for Professions

LSP-111 Span for Professions II

LSP-118 Abroad: Contemp Spanish

LSP-133 Beg Span for Oral Proficiency

This course is open to all students who have completed the 101 level and would like additional exposure to the basic vocabulary and structures of Spanish. The extensive use of authentic, multimedia materials will provide increased opportunities to practice listening and speaking skills. General elective.

LSP-140 Beginning Spanish in Mexico

An elective course for Weekend College and Accelerated College students who have already taken LSP-101. Students begin their study of Spanish and Mexican culture at Notre Dame during Winterim and finish with a one week language and culture immersion experience in Mexico. [ 3 credits ]

LSP-199 DA Foreign Language-Spanish

Degree Audit

LSP-203 Intermed Spanish Conv & Comp I

Oral and written practice based on cultural themes of the Hispanic world and a review of grammar. An increased emphasis on vocabulary expansion and the production of correct grammatical forms in both speech and writing. The use of multimedia materials and interactions with native speakers provide authentic opportunities for meaningful communication and exposure to the diversity of the Hispanic world. Independent lab work required. Satisfies language requirement. Fulfills General Education requirement for Cross-cultural studies. Prerequisite: LSP 103 or placement test. 3 credits.

LSP-204 Interm Spanish Conv & Comp II

Oral and written practice based on cultural themes of the Hispanic world and a review of grammar. An increased emphasis on vocabulary expansion and the production of correct grammatical forms in both speech and writing. The use of multimedia materials and interactions with native speakers provide authentic opportunities for meaningful communication and exposure to the diversity of the Hispanic world. Independent lab work required. Satisfies language requirement. Fulfills General Education requirement for Cross-cultural studies. Prerequisite: LSP 203 or placement test. 3 credits.

LSP-210 Spanish for Health Professions

Offers intensive oral-aural practice, with emphasis on the specialized medical vocabulary and terminology used to communicate effectively with Spanish-speaking patients in the health care setting. Provides practice in vocabulary and grammatical structure through intensive use of authentic multimedia materials and interactive activities. Explores cultural issues and differences in health perception relevant to the Hispanic community. Prerequisite: LSP-103 or equivalent. [3 credits]

LSP-217 Venturing Into the Text

LSP-222 Spanish Lit: the Novel

LSP-233 Spanish for Oral Proficiency

Offers intensive oral-aural practice, with emphasis on the language used in daily life. Serves those who wish to perfect pronunciation and increase fluency in Spanish through extensive use of multimedia materials and interaction with native speakers. Independent lab work required. Fulfills the general education language requirement. Prerequisite: LSP-103 or placement. [3 credits]

LSP-234 Spanish for Written Proficiency

Aims to increase proficiency in the written use of the language. Provides a review of grammar and extensive practice based on cultural themes of the Hispanic world. Uses multimedia materials and reading selections from contemporary Latin American authors and publications. Focuses on various issues such as women's roles and human rights. Fulfills the general education language requirement. Prerequisite: LSP-103 or placement. [3 credits]

LSP-240 Intermed Spanish in Mexico

Intensive study of Spanish in Mexico at the 200 (intermediate) level in a CND short-term program. Includes a home-stay, cultural activities and excursions. May be repeated one time, with permission. General elective, language elective. Does not fulfill the language requirement. 3 credits.

LSP-258 Readings in Hispanic Literature

Introduces students to literary analysis by the reading of selected short works by Hispanic authors. Discussion and writing of short essays in Spanish with emphasis on understanding and appreciating Hispanic literature in its cultural context. Fulfills the general education literature and cross-cultural studies requirements. Prerequisite: LSP-233/234 or permission of the instructor. [3 credits]

LSP-301 Advanced Spanish Conversation and Composition I

Gives special attention to the idiomatic use of language and to the finer points of Spanish grammar. Based on writings and media sources dealing with present-day events and cultural issues. Analysis of structure and style. Fulfills the general education language requirement. Required of all majors and minors. Prerequisite: LSP-233/234 or equivalent. [3 credits]

LSP-302 Advanced Spanish Conversation and Composition II

Gives special attention to the idiomatic use of language and to the finer points of Spanish grammar. Based on writings and media sources dealing with present-day events and cultural issues. Analysis of structure and style. Fulfills the general education language requirement. Prerequisite: LSP-301 or equivalent. Required of all majors and minors. [ 3 credits ]

LSP-305 Spanish for Business

Introduction to the terminology and correspondence techniques of the Spanish-speaking business world. Wide variety of oral and written exercises develop the specialized vocabulary and skills needed for most commercial situations. Especially recommended for international studies majors pursuing business track.

LSP-310 Survey of Masterpieces in Latin American Literature I

Introduces students to Latin American literature and thought in their historical and social dimensions through a close study of selected masterpieces from the 1800s to the present. Prerequisite: LSP-258 or permission. Fulfills the general education literature and cross-cultural studies requirements. [ 3 credits ]

LSP-311 Survey of Masterpieces in Latin American Literature II

Introduces students to Latin American literature and thought in their historical and social dimensions through a close study of selected masterpieces from the 1800s to the present. Prerequisite: LSP-258 or permission. Fulfills the general education literature and cross-cultural studies requirements. [ 3 credits ]

LSP-322 Survey of Masterpieces in Peninsular Literature

Introduces students to the major periods of Spanish literature and thought in their historical and social dimensions through a close study of selected masterpieces from their origins to the present time. Prerequisite: LSP-258 or permission. Fulfills the general education literature and crosscultural studies requirements. [ 3 credits ]

LSP-323 Survey of Peninsular Theatre

Survey of Spanish theater from its origins in the Middle Ages up to the most recent dramatic works. Historical and social background. Readings from each major literary period.

LSP-324 Survey of the Spanish Novel

Survey of the major genres from the Picaresque to the Post Civil War period. Selected readings from each major literary period.

LSP-333 Span for Oral Proficien

LSP-340 Advanced Spanish in Mexico

Intensive study of Spanish in Mexico at the 300 (advanced) level in a CND short-term program. Includes a home-stay, cultural activities and excursions. May be repeated one time, with permission. General elective, language elective. 3 credits.

LSP-352 Siglo De Oro

LSP-358 Spanish Culture & Civilization

Surveys the cultural history of Spain through an examination of its most significant physical, intellectual, artistic and sociopolitical aspects. Special emphasis will be given to the development of Spanish art, literature and philosophical thought. Fulfills the general education cross-cultural studies requirement. Prerequisites: LSP-233, LSP-234 required. LSP-301 recommended. [3 credits]

LSP-359 Latin American Culture and Civilization

Provides an introductory study of the main features of Latin American political and cultural history. Includes artistic and literary movements. This course is given in Spanish and is designed for students who have advanced knowledge of the language. Fulfills the general education crosscultural studies requirement. Prerequisite: LSP-233/234 required, LSP-301 recommended. [3 credits]

LSP-401 Topics in Spanish

Studies a central topic in linguistics, culture or literature. Course may be repeated for credit as topics change. Prerequisite: LSP-302 or permission of instructor. [3 credits]

LSP-411 Topics: Interm Spanish II

LSP-427 Short Term Academic Experience in a Spanish-Speaking Country

Visits cities and sites of historical and cultural importance in one Spanish-speaking country. Prior to the tour, students will attend preparatory lectures and complete preliminary readings. Research related to the tour usually will be completed within a month after return. The Guatemalan experience includes community service. Fulfills the culture and civilization requirement for the Spanish major and minor. [3 credits]

LSP-458 Capstone Experience in Spanish

Provides a culminating activity based on the particular interests of the student and is individually designed to demonstrate linguistic, cultural and cross-cultural learning within a global context at home and abroad. A research paper and formal oral presentation are required. Open to majors, minors and native speakers. Prerequisite: LSP-358 or LSP-359. Fulfills the general education cross-cultural studies requirement. [ 3 credits ] Students may choose from the following: 149 LSP-463 Independent Study 149 Independent project under the direction of a faculty member 149 Research project based on study abroad experience 149 Service-learning project with research component 149 IDS-461 Professional Internship with research component 149 IDS-496 Teaching Apprentice (at College of Notre Dame or abroad)

LSP-463 Independent Study

Allows the student to undertake an individual program of study in language, linguistics, literature or civilization under the guidance of a member of the department. [3 credits]

LTK-358 Turkish Thought & Culture

This course examines the culture of Turkey from antiquity to the present day. Beginning with the material remains of pre-Greek Anatolia and the remains of the Greco-Roman civilization in present day Turkey, the course will then focus on Seljuk and Ottoman literature, art and thought and conclude with the political and economic concerns, social institutions and cultural life of the modern Republic of Turkey.